How to add and delete user in Ubuntu 22.03?


Managing user accounts on a Linux system is a fundamental aspect of system administration. By default, when you set up a new Ubuntu system, you typically have access only to the root account. However, running daily tasks as the root user can be risky. It’s recommended to create unprivileged user accounts for these tasks. Additionally, each user should have their own separate account. In Ubuntu, you can utilize the sudo tool to grant administrative privileges when needed. This guide will walk you through creating user accounts, assigning sudo privileges, and deleting users on Ubuntu 22.03.


To follow this tutorial, you should have access to a server running Ubuntu 22.03. Ensure that you have root access to the server and have the firewall enabled. If you haven’t set up your server, consider following our “Initial Server Setup Guide for Ubuntu 22.03.”

Adding a User

If you are logged in as the root user, you can create a new user at any time using the following command:

adduser newuser

If you are logged in as a non-root user with sudo privileges, add a new user with the following command:

sudo adduser newuser

You’ll be prompted to set a password for the new user and provide optional additional information. Confirm the details, and the new user will be ready for use.

Granting a User Sudo Privileges

To allow a new user to execute commands with root (administrative) privileges, you need to grant them access to sudo. There are two methods for achieving this:

Adding the New User to the Sudo Group

By default, Ubuntu 22.03 configures sudo to grant full privileges to any user in the sudo group. You can check the groups a user belongs to with the groups command:

groups newuser

If the new user is only in their own group (with the same name as the user), you can add them to the sudo group using usermod:

sudo usermod -aG sudo newuser

Alternatively, you can use the following command if you are a non-root user with sudo privileges:

sudo usermod -aG sudo newuser

Specifying Explicit User Privileges in /etc/sudoers

You can also specify sudo privileges on a per-user basis by editing the /etc/sudoers file using visudo. This method is recommended because it locks the file against simultaneous edits and performs validation checks on its contents.

sudo visudo

Edit the /etc/sudoers file to specify privileges for the new user:

newuser ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL

Repeat this for each user requiring sudo privileges. Save and exit the file.

Testing Your User’s Sudo Privileges

The new user can now execute commands with administrative privileges by using sudo. For example:

sudo some_command

You will be prompted to enter the new user’s password.

Deleting a User

To remove a user account without deleting their files, use the following command as the root user:

deluser newuser

If you are a non-root user with sudo privileges, use:

sudo deluser newuser

If you want to delete the user’s home directory as well, use this command:

deluser --remove-home newuser

If you previously configured sudo privileges for the user, remove the relevant line from /etc/sudoers using visudo.

You should now be proficient in adding and deleting users on your Ubuntu 22.03 system. Effective user management is crucial for maintaining security and access control.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top